RECOMMENDED REFERENCES FOR CHECKING21-Catalano O.Critical analysis of the ultrasonographic criteria for diagnosing lymph node metastasis in patients with cutaneous melanoma: a systematic review.J Ultrasound Med. 2011;30:547-560.

20- Chami L, Lassau N, Chebil M et al.  Imaging of melanoma: usefulness of ultrasonography before and after contrast injection for diagnosis and early evaluation of treatment,Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011 4: 1-6

 19-Chung-Cheng Huang, Sheung-Fat Ko, Hsuan-Ying Huang, Shu-Hang Ng, Tze-Yu Lee, Yi-Wei Lee, and Min-Chi Chen. Epidermal Cysts in the Superficial Soft Tissue: Sonographic Features With an Emphasis on the Pseudotestis Pattern. Ultrasound Med 2011 30: 11-17.

18- Gutierrez M, De Angelis R, Bernardini L, Filippucci E, Goteri G, Brandozzi G, Lemme G, Campanati A, Grassi W, Offidani A. Clinical , power Doppler sonography  and histological assessment of the psoriatic plaque: short term monitoring in patients treated with etanercept. British Journal of Dermatology. Accepted articles 2010

17-Filippucci E, Goteri G, Brandozzi G, Lemme G, Campanati A,Grassi W, Offidani A.Clinical, power Doppler sonography and histological assessment of the psoriatic plaque: short-term monitoring in patients treated with etanercept. British Journal of Dermatology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.10026.x

 16-Mentes O, Oysul A, Harlak A, Zeybek N, Kozak O, Tufan T.Ultrasonography accurately evaluates the dimension and shape of the pilonidal sinus.Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2009;64:189-192

15-Catalano O, Setola SV, Vallone P, Raso MM, D’Errico AG.Sonography for locoregional staging and follow-up of cutaneous melanoma: how we do it.J Ultrasound Med. 2010 May;29:791-802.

 14-Mušič MM, Hertl K, Kadivec M, Pavlović MD, Hočevar M.Pre-operative ultrasound with a 12-15 MHz linear probe reliably differentiates between melanoma thicker and thinner than 1 mm.J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010 Accesed Mar 4.

13-Catalano O, Caracò C, Mozzillo N, Siani A. Locoregional spread of cutaneous melanoma: sonography findings.AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010;194:735-745.

12-Catalano O, Siani A. Cutaneous melanoma: role of ultrasound in the assessment of locoregional spread. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2010 ;39:30-36.

11-Vilana R, Puig S, Sanchez M, Squarcia M, Lopez A, Castel T, Malvehy J. Preoperative assessment of cutaneous melanoma thickness using 10-MHz sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 ;193:639-643.

10-Kuwano Y, Ishizaki K, Watanabe R, Nanko H. Efficacy of diagnostic ultrasonography of lipomas, epidermal cysts, and ganglions. Arch Dermatol. 2009 ;145:761-764.

9-Gutierrez M, Filippucci E, Bertolazzi C, Grassi W. Sonographic monitoring of psoriatic plaque. J Rheumatol. 2009 ;36:850-851.

8-Guastalla P, Guerci VI, Fabretto A, Faletra F, Grasso DL, Zocconi E, Stefanidou D, D’Adamo P, Ronfani L, Montico M, Morgutti M, Gasparini P. Detection of epidermal thickening in GJB2 carriers with epidermal US. Radiology. 2009 ;251:280-286.

7-Mogensen M, Nürnberg BM, Forman JL, Thomsen JB, Thrane L, Jemec GB. In vivo thickness measurement of basal cell carcinoma and actinic keratosis with optical coherence tomography and 20-MHz ultrasound. Br J Dermatol. 2009;160:1026-1033.

6-Chen HH, Chen YM, Lan HH, Lee CH, Chen DY. Sonographic appearance of subcutaneous sarcoidosis.J Ultrasound Med. 2009 ;28:813-816.

5-Bouer M, Chammas M, Messina M, Cerri G. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the Skin: Description of Ultrasound and Power Doppler Findings Before and after the use of Microbubble Contrast and Association with Degree of Malignancy.Ultrasound Med Biol 2009; 35: S220

4-Gaitini D, Razi NB, Ghersin E, Ofer A, Soudack M. Sonographic evaluation of vascular injuries.J Ultrasound Med. 2008 ;27:95-107.3-Matsunaga A, Ochiai T, Abe I, Kawamura A, Muto R, Tomita Y, Ogawa M.  Subungual glomus tumour: evaluation of ultrasound imaging in preoperative assessment. Eur J Dermatol. 2007;17:67-69. 

2-Gaitini D, Beck-Razi N, Haim N, Brenner B. Prevalence of upper extremity deep venous thrombosis diagnosed by color Doppler duplex sonography in cancer patients with central venous catheters.J Ultrasound Med. 2006;25:1297-1303.

1-Soudack M, Nachtigal A, Gaitini D.Clinically unsuspected foreign bodies: the importance of sonography.J Ultrasound Med. 2003;22:1381-1385.


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-Over 120 skin ultrasound images are available for educational purposes, more than 60 of them in the OFM (only for members) section

-More than 120 references about skin ultrasound ( Dr W`s publications, highlight of the week, and other references sections in the web site)

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The past 20 years have marked an interesting road in the development of the field of ultrasound.  I have included skin and nail ultrasound work for the last 12 years.

An explosive growth has been seen due to the need for non-invasive studies of the skin and nails.  Physicians and patients demand anatomical studies that match clinical signs for optimal medical and  surgical planning as well as excellent cosmetic results.

In this web site, you will find images, references and links that may help you  understand and/ or develop this exciting new tool at your own work place.

My best wishes to you and your team

Dr Ximena Wortsman

Adjunct Associate Professor

Department of Radiology and Department of Dermatology

Institute for Diagnostic Imaging and Research of the Skin and Soft Tissues-IDIEP

Clinica Servet, and Faculty of Medicine

University of Chile, Santiago,Chile

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